1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can find a secure and welcoming country with changing scenery that transit between desert and also the warm Indian; and a human population which will receive you as if you were a part of it. Oman is a nation situated in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coast, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://oman-visa.info)
To talk a little bit with regards to its history, we have that Oman extends its beginnings to the Stone Age, because there are indications of human settlements in the area, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. In addition, the metropolis appears named for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of an important commercial port, what is now currently called “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for power over the port of Muscat have been frequent over the centuries due to its strategic place between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. In other words, numerous have been the countries that have disputed the possession of the territory, so it has been a very important component for the growth and history of the nation.
In the third century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era started when conversion to Islam took place. This occurred in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already founded. From that point on, this time frame that commenced and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for control of the city?
The Portuguese fleet initially arrived in Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the city were devastating, but ultimately the Portuguese took power for more than a hundred years. At that point the Muscat fortresses were designed, to defend against maritime assaults. Nevertheless, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which happened twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was selected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was responsible for uniting the country. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a period of great territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the midst of the 18th century, after having a civil war and the continuous incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the nineteenth century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military supremacy and defeated Zanzibar.
How were your internal conflicts?
Disputes between the tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the twentieth century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and even had to transfer his house from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Ever since then, it has the absolute power of the nation, renowned as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His recognized residence is in the Al Alam Palace.